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The winter pack-ice zone provides a sheltered but food-poor habitat for larval Antarctic krill

first_imgA dominant Antarctic ecological paradigm suggests that winter sea ice is generally the main feeding ground for krill larvae. Observations from our winter cruise to the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean contradict this view and present the first evidence that the pack-ice zone is a food-poor habitat for larval development. In contrast, the more open marginal ice zone provides a more favourable food environment for high larval krill growth rates. We found that complex under-ice habitats are, however, vital for larval krill when water column productivity is limited by light, by providing structures that offer protection from predators and to collect organic material released from the ice. The larvae feed on this sparse ice-associated food during the day. After sunset, they migrate into the water below the ice (upper 20 m) and drift away from the ice areas where they have previously fed. Model analyses indicate that this behaviour increases both food uptake in a patchy food environment and the likelihood of overwinter transport to areas where feeding conditions are more favourable in spring.last_img read more

At least 13 football fans dead after South Sudan bar shooting

first_imgThe whereabouts of the shooter are unclear with “investigations underway”, according to deputy government spokesman Paul Akol Kordit.“It’s very unfortunate and we as a government condemn this in the very strongest terms possible,” said Kordit.He pledged that the government would “pledge that we will do what we can to protect our people and bringing to book such people who are killing innocent lives with no… reason at all”.Insecurity in Juba has worsened since the start of a civil war nearly three years ago, with the widespread fighting leading to an increase in criminality and armed violence of all kinds.In July the capital became a battleground as forces loyal to President Salva Kiir clashed with those of his former deputy turned rebel leader Riek Machar, forcing Machar to flee.Successive rounds of internationally-backed peace talks and agreements have so far failed to bring peace to the world’s newest nation, which won independence from Sudan in 2011.Share on: WhatsApp End of the Chelsea game that cause problems in South Sudan.Juba, South Sudan | AFP | At least 13 people were killed when an angry football fan fired on others watching a match in a bar in South Sudan’s capital Juba at the weekend, police said Monday.Deputy police spokesman Kwacijwok Dominic Amondoc said the death toll had risen to 13 after some who were injured in the shooting during an English Premier League match on Saturday night died of their wounds.Amondoc said 10 others were still being treated in hospital.Among the injured was Wani Patrick, recovering from a bullet wound to his hand. “When I was shot I fell down and some youths fell on me. I was unable to stand up until he finished shooting all his bullets,” he said. “Many people were shot, many people died.”The gunman, who appeared drunk, grew angry after being refused free entry to the bar where patrons had paid roughly $0.50 each to watch the Chelsea vs. Everton match on television.The man stormed off, “but when he came back he was carrying a gun and just started shooting randomly,” said Amondoc.The incident happened at around 9:00 pm (1800 GMT) in Gure, a poor suburb in Juba’s southwest.last_img read more

Dortmund’s ‘Yellow Wall’: the ‘gigantic monster’ lying in wait for PSG

first_imgBorussia Dortmund’s “Yellow Wall” — the South Stand at Signal Iduna Park — has been described as a ‘gigantic monster’ ready to intimidate opposing teamsDortmund, Germany | AFP |  Packed with passionate home fans, Borussia Dortmund’s imposing south stand – dubbed ‘The Yellow Wall’ – is the ‘gigantic monster’ lurking to test Paris Saint-Germain stars like Neymar and Kylian Mbappe in the Champions League on Tuesday.“It’s just a fantastic feeling that I haven’t had before,” is how Dortmund’s star striker Erling Braut Haaland described scoring in front of ‘Die Gelbe Wand’ (The Yellow Wall) at Signal Iduna Park.The 19-year-old has bagged nine goals since Dortmund snapped him up for 20 million euros ($22 million) from Salzburg. Five of them have come in his three home appearances games, including one in the 4-0 thrashing of Frankfurt on Friday.“If you are the opposition, it crushes you — but if you have her at your back as a goalkeeper, it’s a fantastic feeling,” is how ex-Dortmund shot-stopper Roman Weidenfeller describes the experience of the imposing terrace.For Bundesliga games, the south stand, which is 100 metres (328 feet) wide and 40 metres high, is packed with 25,000 fans, but capacity is reduced to 16,000 to meet UEFA regulations for Champions League games.– ‘Huge, roaring monster’ –Nevertheless, the noise will be deafening when the Dortmund team walk out for Tuesday’s last 16, first leg tie.“Just look at the south stand in Dortmund,” Johnny Rotten, lead singer of British punk band The Sex Pistols and a passionate Arsenal fan has said on the matter.“They all stand, chant and make such a noise that the stand seems like the pharynx of some huge, roaring monster. It’s fantastic.”Dortmund fan Max Kiwit, 27, has been coming to the stadium with his family since he was four and told AFP why he is a regular on ‘The Yellow Wall’.“Because here, everyone can let go of their emotions. No one will complain if they get elbowed in the head” or if they get showered by beer when Dortmund score to send thousands of plastic cups flying, he said with a smile.Season tickets for the south stand start at 219 euros ($237), but are often passed down from generation to generation.The waiting list is often counted in years, as Max’s girlfriend Sabrina Rupp discovered to her cost.“Until I was 13, I had a season ticket,” she admits regretfully.“I gave it back, and that’s the worst mistake you can make, because after that it’s almost impossible to get it back.” Share on: WhatsApp ‘The Yellow Wall’ is often described as the beating heart of Signal Iduna Park.It’s from there that designated fans lead the chants, yelling into megaphones while drummers beat out the rhythm.The fans in the south stand sees themselves as the 12th man of the Dortmund team.– Malaga mayhem –On the run to the 2013 Champions League final, where Dortmund lost 2-1 to Bayern Munich at Wembley, the wall played a key role in the quarter-final at home to Malaga, when the hosts found themselves 2-1 down with 90 minutes on the clock.With Dortmund seconds from elimination, the fans erupted, inspiring tired legs to one last push.Pandemonium broke out when forward Marco Reus, then defender Felipe Santana grabbed goals in added time to seal a fairytale 3-2 win after a goalless first leg in Spain.The delirious scenes at the final whistle are part of club folklore.“I don’t think it’s something you can really grasp unless you’re experienced it yourself. It was unbelievable,” said defender Mats Hummels.Former Dortmund coach Jurgen Klopp explained what the PSG team can expect on Tuesday.“You come out and the stadium explodes… you look to your left and it looks like 150,000 people are standing there going crazy,” said Klopp, who led Dortmund to back-to-back Bundesliga titles in 2011 and 2012.As the Malaga game demonstrated, PSG need to play until the final whistle as Dortmund can never be written off with their backs to ‘The Yellow Wall’.last_img read more

Sedlbauer powers Innkeepers to Men’s Open Soccer Championship

first_imgAaron Sedlbauer scored the lone goal of the game sparking Hume Innkeepers to a narrow 1-0 victory over Old Dogs in the final of the Men’s Open Soccer League Saturday at Lakeside Park.The goal came in the second half of a game between the two top clubs of the Men’s Open League.Both team had chances to score in the first half of the tightly played contest.Striker Mitch Ryan missed a couple of great chances for the Old Dogs while Mitch Melanson had a goal taken away as Taylor Russell kicked the ball off the goalline.Mike Precious pitched the shutout for the Innkeepers. The title is the second in as many seasons for Hume Innkeepers.Old Dogs had rebounded this season after failing to make the final in 2015.However, the squad had no substitutions during the game and ran out of gas against the younger Innkeepers.In the Ladies Rec League Championship, Red Dog could not keep their surprising run going, falling 5-3 to Dirty Dozen.Red Dog had scored a shootout upset a week ago against Wild Cats to advance to the final.However, Dirty Dozen, finishing on top of the regular season standings with a 10-0-2 record, held off the pesky Red Dog squad.In Men’s Masters, Red Dog completed the sweep by capturing the playoff title with a 4-0 shutout win over Bia Bora.Red Dog had earlier won the regular season title before outlasting 2015 champion Retalack in the semi final.Bia Bora had posted wins in the quarter and semi finals before losing in the final.last_img read more