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first_imgGAA: Donegal minor manager Declan Bonner has been rocked this evening following the news that two of his players and two of his backroom team have been hit with TWO month bans following an incident during their Ulster MFC clash with Armagh.Donegal enjoyed a comfortable win over Armagh a fortnight ago in a comprehensive display at the Athletic Grounds.There was no incident on the pitch, but there was a fracas at half-time between Donegal players and staff with an Ulster official. It is believed the official at the centre of the row is from Tyrone and came into the dressing to tell Donegal they had exceeded the time required at half-time.What happened next is very unclear, but a row ensued between mentors, players and the official involved and it has resulted in Donegal losing TWO key players from eight weeks.Donegal County Board are expected to appeal the decision and tonight released a statement.“Following much media speculation this morning, CLG Dhún na nGall can confirm that we have received communication from Comhairle Uladh with regard to a disciplinary matter at half-time of the Minor Football Championship Quarter-Final game v Armagh on Sunday May 31st. “There will be no further comment at this time and CLG Dhun na nGall would respectfully request that consideration be given to the fact that names of underage players should not be speculated upon while consideration is being given to an appeal process.GAA: SHOCK AS DONEGAL MINOR STARS HIT WITH TWO MONTH BANS was last modified: June 9th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:armaghBansdonegalGAAHome-page SportincidentMFCnewsUlsterlast_img read more

Gift of the Givers: 25 years of philanthropy: Emily Thomas

first_imgIn a series of five articles, we share stories from Gift of the Givers volunteers in their own words as the organisation marks its 25th year of serving humanity. Emily Thomas, who works in logistics, tells us about what she does.Bringing water to the thirsty, Emily Thomas helping with drought relief programme in the Free State. (Image: Gift of the Givers)Sulaiman PhilipEmily Thomas: LogisticsI had just returned from leave in January 2016 when I was asked to go to Bloemfontein to help with our drought relief programme, where we distributed thousands of litres of water to communities around the Free State. It was really so sad to see people queue from five in the morning hoping that a water truck would come pass. Elderly people had to pay someone to fetch them buckets of water; children in creche were forced to carry two litres of water for the day.Listening to farmers when we brought them animal feed moved me. They would speak of how they ploughed and planted in hope and how they lost it all as the drought went on. I could feel and see the heartache and pain this drought visited on them.Listening to farmers talking about having to kill their animals brought home the despair people live with. (Image: Gift of the Givers)The animals were thin, sickly and dying. To remove yourself is a coping mechanism and I kept thinking about how this would affect the price of meat. Then you listen to the farmers tell you how hard it was to shoot their animals because they could not stand to see their suffering, and you realise the despair and hopelessness they live with. This donation of animal feed brought them new hope. The drought was an act of God, but through us He brought hope.I am a Gift of the Givers employee and I’m on call 24/7, but I see this as a calling, not a job. I have been doing this for so long – for nine years – and I have learnt that every distribution or disaster comes with its own unique challenges. It’s my responsibilty to make sure that logistics are in place and to be aware of the things that could possibley go wrong.On my first mission I thought of none of that; I was thinking only that our donations were going to make people’s hearts happy. Then the reality of the amount of work and planning that goes into every distribution or mission dawns on you. I work with an incredibly experienced team that helps to ensure that everything runs smoothly and without any security hazards.When people ask I always tell them my journey with Gift of the Givers started as an intervention by God. When I think of who we are and what it is we do I am filled with pride. We are an organisation that brings hope and restores dignity to people’s lives. I lost my job in June 2008. I remember I was standing outside when two gentlemen stopped to talk to me. We prayed together and one of them said: “In a month from now God will give you a job.”Exactly a month later I was planning to spend the day in bed because I was so depressed about still being unemployed when I got a call from my priest, Reverend Eve. Some flats close our church in Mayfair had burnt down and she wanted me to help with the residents. I could not tell her I was still in bed feeling sorry for myself, instead I jumped up and got ready.The Gift of the Givers were there as well and we all worked to determine what the residents immediate needs were. I accompanied Uncle (Badr) Allaudin to the warehouse to get some food and basic hygiene products. When he heard I was unemployed he asked me to accompany him to Orlando in Soweto to distribute food and blankets.In Orlando he asked me to say a few words and, not knowing anything about the organisation, I shyly and nervously read the Gift of the Givers brochure and ended with a prayer. Driving back Uncle Allaudin simply said: “I don’t think Im going to let you go, I want you to join the foundation.”Read the next profile on Ahmed Bham who heads the search and rescue department of Gift of the Givers.Our first profile was on medical co-ordinator, Dr YM Essack. Click here to read more.To find out how beekeeper, Owen Williams, has contributed to the organisation, click here.Orthopaedic surgeon, Dr Livan Meneses-Turino, shares his experience in Nepal, Haiti, and Palestine.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Give youth a voice

first_imgSacred Heart College pupil, Masego Mafata urged South Africans to give youth a voice.(Image: Shamin Chibba) IkamvaYouth’s Gauteng regional director, Patrick Mashanda, said the media must celebrate South Africa’s achievements.(Image: Shamin Chibba) Documentary filmmaker Khanyisile Magubane said the media sets the agenda for youth’s aspirations.(Image: Shamin Chibba)Shamin ChibbaSouth Africa’s future hinges on today’s youth, and their concerns need to be heard if we are to prosper. This was one of the major outcomes of the Johannesburg leg of the National Development Plan (NDP) Youth Dialogues hosted by the Mail & Guardian newspaper and Brand South Africa.Education, youth unemployment, and the role of the media were debated at the event, which was held at the Hyatt Hotel in Rosebank on 26 June. Panellists looked at how youth could engage with the NDP, and one way this could occur, they concluded, was by giving young people a chance to voice their concerns on matters affecting their lives.Godfrey Phetla, the director of policy and research for the Enterprise Development Unit in the Department of Trade and Industry, said the government must create the platform for youth to express themselves, and must seriously consider what they had to say. “We always have to speak on behalf of young people. We are not giving them a voice. This is where we have gone wrong as a country.”One of the young audience members, Masego Mafata, a pupil at Sacred Heart College in Johannesburg, urged society to give young people the chance to speak. “Most of the time people do not really get our perspective.”And Langalethu Manqele, the chairperson of the Johannesburg branch of the Black Management Forum (BMF), encouraged young people to use their energy, passion and questioning nature to make the future favourable for them. “They have a unique energy and value system the rest of the population does not have. They need to bring that energy with them to turn things around or else society will always arrest them.” Entrepreneurship the answerEntrepreneurship was put forward as a solution to the country’s rising youth unemployment figures, which, according to the latest Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) report on South Africa, was 48% at present. The president of the Junior Chamber International South Africa, Angel Kgokolo, opened the debate by saying enterprise development was important in addressing inequality and to achieve the transformation that was needed to secure a future for young citizens.GEM’s Entrepreneurial Framework Conditions had to be promoted, which would ensure the needs of young businesspeople were met. These conditions include the cultural and social norms of a country, market dynamics, research, development and education.The GEM report states that just 40% of South Africans believe they are capable of being entrepreneurs, well below the 52% average of similar efficiency-driven economies. It adds that the country’s education, which is one of the framework conditions, has affected the vastly negative perceptions people have of their entrepreneurial capability. “Education was given the lowest mean score by the national experts, indicating that South Africa’s education system is not effectively developing individuals with the skills and confidence required to consider entrepreneurship as a valid career choice,” the report states.Only 14% of South Africans intend to pursue business opportunities in the next three years, which is lower than the average of 27% for efficiency-driven countries. Kgokolo pointed out that a number of young start-ups were unprepared and were set up to fail. “They do not have the capacity to face the challenges of being entrepreneurs.”The founder of recycled products manufacturer Eco Smart, Lisa Kuhle, said this was due to a lack of mentorship. Businesses, she added, failed because there was no support. “Starting a business out of poverty is almost impossible. There are [high] costs to incur.” She suggested the government and corporates contributed by supporting small businesses run by young entrepreneurs.Matsi Modise, the national executive director of South African Black Entrepreneurs Forum, felt it was important for the government and business to work together to ensure young entrepreneurs had access to opportunities. “The government does play its part and has put together policies. But any environment must have a cohesive effort.”However, the BMF’s Manqele thought entrepreneurship was over-emphasised and that there were other solutions to unemployment. He said the country should rather deal with its skills shortage by encouraging young people to get educated. “Not all of us can own and run businesses. We need scientists, too. It is much harder to escape poverty via a business because you need networks. People who have these networks are insiders.”Erica Kempken, a senior consultant at ProServ South Africa, said all additional skills one would need to thrive in the workplace were not taught in schools. “We can teach so many more skills than we are currently doing.”Education, Kempken insisted, started in early childhood and the “NDP is incredibly clear about how important that is”. Furthermore, she said, creativity should be encouraged in the classroom and that it needed to be harnessed in a guided fashion. Schools first needed to teach children skills and afterwards allow them to “put it into practice in a creative way”. Media shapes youthAccording to journalist and documentary filmmaker Khanyisile Magubane, young South Africans are becoming media savvy and are quickly understanding its power. “The knowledge base an average 13-year-old has now is way more than a 13-year-old from 20 years ago. Technology has played a big role in that.”As a result, Magubane believed the media set the agenda for the youth’s aspirations – the way they reflected themselves had a lot to do with the way the media portrayed them. “If you look at the programming on radio and television aimed at young people, it is shallow, it dumbs down the minds of young people. So the question we should be asking is which young minds are going to play a role in shaping the National Development Plan.”She said the media could play a beneficial role in developing the youth by telling stories that portrayed young people who were affirmed in their families. She referred to the SABC 1 television drama Skeem Saam as a good example of how this could be achieved. “[The show] traces how families deal with [problems]. You see [situations] where families are saying to their children ‘You have messed up but it is not the end of the world’. That child walks away with an understanding that ‘I have made a mistake but I can learn from it.’”Patrick Mashanda, the Gauteng regional co-ordinator of the education development NPO IkamvaYouth, said news media had a habit of reporting negative stories, a practice which many in the audience believed could affect the youth. He called for the media, instead, to “celebrate South Africa’s achievements so as to inspire people”.He also urged South Africans to continue working towards a better future, regardless of whether their actions were reported in the media. “Sometimes the media is not accessible. So people should just take action and continue with those programmes for the sake of the nation and our youth.” Youth need confidenceMagubane also said young people needed to learn how to articulate their thoughts. “This comes from being taught how to be confident in yourself and who you are.” Confidence and the kinds of thoughts young people had were directly linked to the way they were brought up.While producing the six-part documentary series Why Are We So Angry? which aired on SABC 1 in 2012, Magubane had come across a number of young people who were intelligent but lacked confidence. “We are not seeing young black kids from the township schools being affirmed enough to say they are okay in their existence, that they are good enough and their mind is good enough.”She said the lack of access to quality education was one of the factors driving this low self-esteem. “I think they are at that stage where they want more but they do not have access to it.”last_img read more

Cab Cam – Ben Klick, Stark County

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest On September 11th, the Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins headed to Northeast Ohio and paid a visit to Windy Way Farms in Massillon. That’s where he found 4th generation farmer Ben Klick harvesting soybeans. Find out how early harvest is shaping up in that part of the state and what Klick has learned from his Dad and Grandpa about farming for the long term.last_img

Biomass Boilers: A Greener Alternative to Heat the Home?

first_imgShould Green Homes Burn Wood?Comparing Fuel CostsUnderstanding Pellet StovesHeating a Tight, Well-Insulated HouseEquipment Versus EnvelopeGreen Heating Options PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (1)PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (2)PODCAST: Deep Energy Retrofits (3)PODCAST: Why Does Green Building Matter? (Part 2) GREEN PRODUCT GUIDE RELATED ARTICLES Multi-Fuel and Wood BoilersMulti-Fuel Pellet BoilersOFFICIAL TRANSCRIPTChris Briley: Hey everybody, welcome to the Green Architects’ Lounge podcast. I’m Chris Briley.Phil Kaplan: And I’m host Phil Kaplan.Chris: How you doin’, Phil?Phil: I’m doin’ great, Chris. We’re also very excited to have Pat Coon.Chris: Hey, Pat! Welcome back.Phil: You remember Pat from a podcast or two ago.Chris: Right, solar thermal podcast. Which was well received. So, thank you for your efforts there. Hopefully, this one will be equally as good…Pat Coon: Or better.Phil: Better, I’m sure. Judging by these drinks, it might be!Pat: What are these, by the way?Phil: I’m glad you asked.Chris: Very good segue. Go, Phil.Phil: Today, I get the drink. Chris and I are switching this time.Chris: It’s like the “bizarro” episode.Phil: Backwards world.Chris: Phil’s got the drink. Whaddya got? Go, buddy.Phil: And Chris has the music. We are drinking Perfect Red Manhattans. What do you think?Chris: Very good. Usually, I think vermouth and bourbon have no business being together, but you have proven me wrong.Phil: Ah, they’re good friends, Chris. I just have to introduce them properly.Chris: I guess so. I guess tossing them in a trash bag and tossing them around and chugging it with a bunch of friends is not—I’ve never really done that, Mom.Phil: So, can I tell you what’s in it?Chris: Please do.Phil: All right, so the key ingredient to a Perfect Red is Red Stag. It’s black cherry infused bourbon.Pat: Oh, it’s good—you can taste it.Phil: So, it takes the typical cherry that usually sits in a Manhattan and gives it a little oomph. You add two parts that, and you add half part sweet vermouth, a half part dry vermouth, and a couple little dashes of tasty bitters. In summary: Tasty, and it does pack a punch.Chris: We’re going to have to pace ourselves.Pat: Didn’t our generation decide not to mix drinks? I thought we figured out that we’re going to be beer, and maybe a little wine.Chris: I think that’s all changing. I heard that in Germany, beer is no longer number one.Phil: You know what’s interesting? Chris, for all the weeks he’s been doing the drink, he did not have his own Mr. Boston. And this week, courtesy of Green Building Advisor, a little present came in the mail…Chris: My own—our own copy of Mr. Boston’s Official Bartenders Guide.Phil: The Perfect Red is not in there, by the way.Chris: I know. I looked. So, thank you, Green Building Advisor. They said it was for our “research.” I will be researching many things.Phil: So, again, Pat’s company is Revision Heat. They’re out of Portland, Maine.Pat: And Brewer, into Bangor.Chris: And today we’re going to be talking about biomass boilers—both gasification log boilers and pellet boilers. And I think it’s noteworthy that while we’re doing this, there’s like 15,000 gallons of oil a day popping into our Gulf. Have you heard about this? The leak?Phil: Yes, as a matter of fact, I have.Chris: Anyway, there’s never been a more poignant point, where we’ve got people dying from coal mine disasters, people dying from oil disasters, and all of our coasts in jeopardy, and mass hysteria out there.Pat: And we’re going to talk about whether wood is an environmentally sustainable option. That’s a question written down here.Chris: Oh, we have notes!Phil: We were saying, we’re getting drilling back to the land.Chris: So, Pat, is it green?Pat: Can we just skip the question and move on?Chris and Phil: Yes!Chris: Otherwise, we probably wouldn’t be talking about it. But let’s just make the argument…Pat: I say that facetiously, because it is a valid question and people think about it. The things to think about when you’re thinking of burning wood are particulate matter, carbon cycle, and—something else that I can’t remember. Oh yeah, nitrates and sulfates. So, in terms of particulate matter, high-efficiency European gasification technology—the good boilers and the good stoves—bring particulate matter down to a level that’s going to be higher than oil and much higher than gas boilers, but still well within any tolerable levels.Chris: So, the reason we’re even considering wood now—for some people, that does not even spring to the forefront of their mind: “I’m going to heat my house with wood.” They imagine shoveling logs into a fireplace or woodstove. But we’re talking about something different. We’re talking about a big box in the basement that we’re going to feed a fuel, we’re going to have distribution, and heat the house.Pat: Yeah, and that technology is very different from fireplaces—and even the woodstoves of the pre-EPA era. Particulate matter is what causes asthma. High-efficiency wood boilers are going to be just slightly higher emissions than their fossil fuel counterparts, so they lose in that category. But they crush fossil fuels in the carbon category—anywhere from 1/10 to 1/100 the carbon input compared to fossil fuels, depending on how you get your wood. You can go out to the back of your woods with a wheelbarrow and a handsaw, and you have no carbon footprint at all. Or you could get it commercially harvested, and you would have 1/20 the carbon dioxide output per unit of fuel. And the other category is sulfates and nitrates. Those are the things that cause acid rain. And burning wood has virtually no sulfuric and nitric emissions. So, in two of the three categories, wood crushes fossil fuel environmentally. The other thing we can ask ourselves is the long-term health of the forest. And it depends on where you are, is the answer, and who’s harvesting your wood. In Maine, about 90 percent of the wood that’s harvested now is harvested from some sort of sustainably managed…—with sustainable credentials.Chris: Right. And we have largely the paper companies to thank for that.Pat: Yeah, FSC certification and Master Logger certification. So, there are people looking at how the wood is being harvested.Chris: This is a great state for this.Phil: It is! And my question for Pat is: Is it fair to say the region where you live depends on whether or not this makes sense?Pat: I’d even say, more than that, it’s right down to the house. It really depends on how you’re harvesting your wood. And if you’ve got woodland behind your house, it doesn’t matter if the county is devastating its woodlot if you’re sustainably managing your woodlot; then it’s a sustainable solution.Phil: But if you’re in an urban setting, it’s a different story.Pat: Yeah, but I would say it depends on where. We have downtown Portland, 30 miles away, we’ve got plenty of firewood.Chris: OK, so if I, as an architect—if a client comes to me, and we have that conversation where we’re talking about systems—what are the things that should trigger me into saying, “You know, we should look into wood boilers”? Granted, you’re a little biased.Pat: All the time…Chris: No, but seriously, there are some cases—there are some perfect houses where this is perfect for them.Pat: Wood is so easy, because it all comes down to how much wood you want to schlep. As an architect, if you can work people through the quick and dirty energy demand—so you’re going to build conventionally, you might be at 50,000 Btu per square foot per year. So that would be like two cords of wood per 1,000 square feet per year.Chris: Using a boiler?Pat: Using a high-efficiency boiler. If you’re going to build a 6000-square-foot house and build it conventionally, you’re going to be schlepping 12 cords of wood. Simple question: Do you want to be schlepping 12 cords of wood? For most people, that’s going to be no. For other people, “Oh yeah, that’s no problem.” So, then, as the architect you can say, “How about a 3,000-square-foot house, and we can superinsulate it and use R-60 walls, and put a heat pump on it?” That’s one option. But what about a 2,000-square-foot house that’s modestly insulated that uses three cords of wood a year? That’s in a range where wood boilers don’t make a lot of sense in a really, really well-insulated house that you guys build a lot of, because there’s just too many mechanical systems for the amount of energy.Chris: And a lot of mass.Pat: And a big space in the basement.Chris: Right. So, it’s good for mid-range houses, then? In terms of energy consumption and size…Pat: Decently insulated… When I talk to people about wood boilers, I say, “Look, if you’re thinking about putting in a wood boiler, think about not putting in an HRV.” Don’t hit me for that.Phil: This is a very interesting conversation. The metrics Chris and I have talked about in some of our episodes—you do certain things, you add more insulation. The reality is, if you have 2×6 walls with cellulose insulation, that might be OK if you’ve got tons of wood in the backyard. Why spend the extra money in this case, if you don’t mind the schlep?Pat: Right. You take that 2,000-square-foot house, and you go from OK insulation to really well insulated, you’re talking about four cords down to two cords. Four cords is not a whole lot of wood. It really is an interesting conversation to have because—four cords, you would need four acres of good forest to support that house, sustainably and forever, in Maine. That, to me, is not a bad solution.Phil: Is that a one-to-one rule of thumb metric? Four cords, you need four acres?Pat: It’s a half cord to one cord—and that depends on soil type. If you have a swamp, then you can produce half a cord forever out of your swamp.Phil: OK, so if we talk about doing this sustainably, then we ask the client, “How much wood do you have?” Or how much land do you have? I think that’s a very helpful metric, because we’ve talked about rules of thumb that help our listeners.Chris: Just a little trivia: Back when we were England here in Maine, it used to be that you’d get 10-acre parcels because that’s what was deemed sustainable. You could have a small farm, small livestock, small woodlot. Ten acres, off you go. But anyway, this technology is perfect for the same kind of mindset, in my own opinion. So, Pat, this is not just throwing wood on a fire. This is a gasification wood boiler. This is a different kind of technology. So, first let’s talk about what is gasification, and how is this boiler different.Phil: What does it look like, where does it sit—the physical stats.Pat: Imagine you’re a particle of smoke; you’ve just been liberated from the wood.Phil: Anyone see “Lost”? Black smoke? That’s all I’m saying.Pat: So, you’re in a fireplace. You’re a particle of smoke. The heat has just liberated you. If you mix with oxygen and enough heat, you will convert yourself into carbon dioxide and water…carbon monoxide…one of those carbons and water. You will turn yourself into heat. Your bonds will be broken, and you’ll create heat. You have to bump into just the right amount of oxygen, and just the right amount of heat, to make that chemical reaction happen.If you’re in a woodstove, without a catalyst and no real good air control, there’s a 50/50 — a pretty marginal chance that’s going to happen. And if it doesn’t happen, then you go out the chimney as smoke and you never get that heat translated.It turns out that wood is a hard thing to burn because of that. And it also turns out that smoke is a pretty easy thing to burn. So what gasifying boilers do is take that smoke and treat that as the fuel. They typically have three chambers. The first chamber is dedicated to making smoke. They put just enough air in there to make the wood turn into smoke. They blow that smoke down into a secondary combustion chamber that’s surrounded by ceramics. And those ceramics keep the combustion really hot. They control the amount of oxygen and use a fan to force air into that smoke in just the right conditions to create incredible combustion that happens somewhere around 1,500 to 2,000 degrees.So, if you’re the same particle of smoke in that gasifying wood boiler, you’d have to go through this gauntlet of oxygen being pumped around through a fan and a ceramic chamber that gets piping red hot; there’s a really good chance that you’ll get turned into energy. Then the heat is extracted through heat exchange tubes.All gasifying boilers share that common characteristic of a multi-chamber combustion process: the gasifying, the combustion and the heat extraction.Chris: Is that called fractionation when that happens?Pat: I have no idea what fractionation is…Chris: OK, moving on…we’ll edit that. Sheila, cut that out. Thanks. How are you, Sheila? Oh, now she’s waving us on. Moving on… OK…so, I’m a woodlot owner. I don’t mind hauling logs down to my basement; I love having this system where I’m in control. How often am I putting a log in this thing? Is it every day?Pat: So, the first big decision clients have to make about wood boilers is if they have thermal storage or not. With thermal storage, the wood boiler heats a big thermal storage tank; it’s about 600 gallons to 900 gallons. The ones we use have 4 inches of foam; they’re really well insulated.Phil: How big are they?Pat: They’re about 4x4x8. They’re like a cord of wood; we call them cord tanks. They take about the same amount of space as a cord of wood. Your average house takes a 600-gallon tank; a bigger house takes a bigger tank. So, with that kind of system, whenever the tank gets cold, you fire the wood boiler, the wood boiler heats the tank, the tank heats both the house and the hot water.We like to design our systems so that the coldest nights in Maine, you’re down lighting the boiler twice a day. Most nights in winter, you’re firing it once a day; and then as the season warms up, less and less. And it heats all your hot water; you fire it once every five to ten days. You go down, fire the boiler, and have all your hot water for a week.Phil: And when you say fire the boiler, you actually load it up and you press a button? A match?Pat: Load it up—and I actually use a propane torch.Chris: Do you really? Cause you look at these things, and it looks like a massive furnace—and you’re actually going over there with a match or a blowtorch?Phil: How easy is that? It’s not like making a regular fire? You don’t have to sit there and feed it with something, and wait for it to flame—or do you?Pat: Yeah, it’s a good question. The newest technology has what’s called lambda controls, and the boiler is digitally controlled just like your car. Your car is sensing the amount of oxygen in the combustion process, and it’s changing how much oxygen is allowed into the pistons.The modern wood boilers do the same thing; they’re adjusting how fast the fan blows and how much oxygen is allowed into the primary and secondary combustion chambers. Those take off like a rocket, and you fill it with cord wood—you don’t even need kindling—and a few pieces of newspaper, and bammo, it lights.Chris: Because it’s hot, right?Pat: And the fan is so strong and powerful, and it’s pulling it through and putting all the air right where it needs to go. It’s pretty amazing.Chris: Do you have to have makeup air for that unit or in the boiler room? Is that a big cost?Pat: It usually isn’t, because they’re usually in basements. But whenever they’re put into a mechanical room—I just did one recently, and we had to pipe underground with a 4-inch pipe that went right to where the boiler was. So, if they’re in tight and small well-built houses in confined spaces, you have to worry about makeup air.Chris: How about quality of fuel? Does it have to be seasoned cordwood? Or is this like, once the temperature is up, I can start burning all kinds of stuff? I can put pine in there.Pat: It’s a good question. Pine’s no problem. And if you do the math, a cord of well-seasoned pine has more Btu than a cord of well-seasoned oak. Or about the same.Chris: Interesting, because that’s a lot lighter.Pat: People have this predilection against the softwoods, but if you go to New Brunswick, where they only have softwood—guess what they burn? Softwood.Chris: Well, if it’s dry…Pat: They dry it. They cover every single woodpile in Canada. To get good wood, you need it cut and split and covered by May—May, June at the latest. And then it’s ready to burn by next September.Chris: Oh, really? OK, that’s a really short season.Pat: It is, but as long as it’s covered and split, air is moving through it, and ideally sun is landing on it… but it doesn’t have to…Phil: Well, it’s very interesting, because what you’re describing is a different process. You have to be the kind of person who’s ready and interested in something like this. You’re not going to make a phone call and have someone deliver this to you. There’s active participation; you have to know where you’re going to get your supply from.Chris: I’ve had a lot of clients with the “I’ll do it myself and be green” mindset, and they’ll take that ownership.Phil: Well, I think there’s a real trend going on right now that we’re seeing. I joked about the back-to-the-landers before, but it was only a partial joke. There’s something empowering about people who are interested in this type of technology. It’s grounding, it’s a little closer to the Earth, it’s “I’m in control…”Pat: It’s a lifestyle. And I love my clients. My wood boiler clients are some of my favorite clients, because the solar client—there’s no lifestyle change. You’ve decided to write a check, and it’s a good decision and can be a difficult one, but you can go about your life as you did before.Wood boiler clients are committing themselves to twice a day, maybe sometimes once a day, in the winter; and in the spring, filling up the woodshed and spending a couple of weekends…They’re going to do that, and they’re not going to do all the other things they could do…Voiceover: So that’s it for this part of the episode. Tune in next week for more of the Green Architects’ Lounge podcast. A quick reminder, our music is “Zelda’s Theme,” by Perez Prado. And our views and our drinking habits do not necessarily reflect Green Building Advisor. Thanks for tuning in, everyone, and keep up the good work. RELATED MULTIMEDIA For this Green Architects’ Lounge podcast, we are joined once again by our good friend Pat Coon, from Revision Heat, to discuss the topic of biomass boilers—both gasification log boilers and wood pellet boilers. As we did with the Deep Energy Retrofit episode, we’ve divided the original recording into three blog-size pieces that are better suited for this format.When we recorded this, the BP Deep Horizon well was spewing 20,000 barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico every day, after killing 17 people in a massive explosion. This was right on the heels of Massey’s Big Branch Mine disaster that claimed 28 lives. We thought it apropos to discuss an immediately available alternative fuel source that often does not get the consideration it deserves.In Part One of the podcast, we start with gasification log boilers, and discuss:Is burning wood green? (Particulate matter, carbon cycle, sulfate and nitrate output, and how your wood is harvested)When should you consider wood as a fuel source?Gasification—it’s burning the wood. And the smoke.How often do you need to load wood?Do you need thermal storage?Does the unit need makeup air?The quality of fuel and its output.I should also mention that Phil and I trade roles for this episode. He mixed us the cocktails, and I got to choose the song, “Daydreamer” by Pete Miller. Stay tuned for Parts Two and Three, where we’ll talk about wood pellet boilers, compare them with log boilers and talk about cost.Enjoy the show.last_img read more

3D Text in After Effects Without Third Party Plugins

first_imgYou don’t need fancy 3D plugins to QUICKLY create 3D text in After Effects. Here’s 3 ways to get it done.If you haven’t ponied up for an external 3D plugin for After Effects (Element3D, 3D Invigorator) or are looking for a faster solution than the Ray Traced 3D feature, then this tutorial is for you. Using these 3 simple techniques you can give your text a simulated 3D effect in AE.Have another 3D text solution? Share it in the comments below!Pseudo Flat 3DUse simple expressions in After Effects to duplicate a text layer and create a simulated 3D effect. This is a quick way to give your text the appearance of 3D, but you cannot actually move the text in 3D space (doesn’t change perspective).3D ExtrudeThis popular technique is similar to the pseudo flat 3D approach, except this text can actually be moved in 3D space. Essentially the text layer is multiplied and incrementally moved one pixel back in Z space to give a 3D effect. Apply an After Effects 3D camera and orbit around the text.Shatter 3DThis approach uses the built in shatter effect in AE (Effect > Simulation > Shatter). We’ll finish out the tutorial by adding a 3D camera and lighting in After Effects to give the text a dynamic look.last_img read more