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Huge crowds at World Cup fan fests

first_imgExtra public viewing areas Fifa Fan Fests™, organised at 16 venues around the world, played host to more than a million supporters during the first six days of the biggest sporting party in the world. More than 800 000 fans in 10 South African venues and more than 400 000 fans in Rome, Paris, Berlin, Sydney, Mexico City and Rio de Janeiro, followed matches on the giant screens at the fan fests, Fifa said in a statement this week. Entertainment is normally provided before kick-off, in the general party atmosphere that prevails at the fan fests. The international fan fests are organised at six iconic locations around the world: Olympic Square in Berlin, Piazza di Siena, in Vila Borghese, Rome, Les Jardins du Trocadero in Paris, Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro, Zocalo in Mexico City and Darling Harbour in Sydney. Source: BuaNews Sunny Durban attracts crowds Wednesday’s second match involving Bafana Bafana saw a further 300 000 fans visiting fan fests in South Africa and around the globe. The maximum capacity was reached in almost all venues every time the respective national team played. Support for national teams The best attended venues over the course of the last six days were sunny Durban, with 200 000 spectators, and Paris with more than 100 000 spectators. The organisers in the different venues used local media to inform the fans in case the venue reached its maximum capacity and fans were advised to arrive early or listen to media to avoid disappointment. The highest numbers of spectators so far have been reached on the opening match day on 11 June, with more than 400 000 spectators across all venues. On that day, the best visited site in South Africa was Johannesburg, with more than 70 000 spectators, while the busiest international site was Mexico City with more than 50 000 spectators. The fan fest is a gathering point for fans, free of charge and open all day. High quality giant screens and sound and lighting systems ensure a great experience while fans watch 2010 Fifa World Cup™ matches. Further, some Host Cities have created overspill areas which were either areas on-site – by using a second screen – or public viewing areas off-site to decentralise people if required. Many venues in South Africa reached their maximum capacities on Wednesday, when the South African team played against Uruguay. More than 65 000 fans were counted at the fan fest in Durban, and 50 000 fans were counted at the international fan fest at Rio de Janeiro’s famous Copacabana beach the day before, when the Brazilian team played. 18 June 2010last_img read more

Is Green Building for Everyone?

first_imgIs green building too narrow in focus, suitable only for people who keep the windows closed and let mechanical systems regulate temperature and humidity? What about people who like fresh air, even in winter, and are looking for minimal intervention from mechanical heating and cooling equipment?That seems to be at the heart of a question from Maria Hars, a GBA reader who lives in a passive solar house built 30 years ago in northern Massachusetts.“I keep my bedroom window open 24/7,” she writes in a Q&A post at GreenBuildingAdvisor. “I love the smell of the outdoors and the fresh breezes from the fields. In the winter I have blankets that keep me warm with the window open. I turn down the thermostat to almost off in the winter and off the rest of the year.“In the winter I sit in front of the southern windows & feel the warmth of the sun on me (I wear short sleeves). At night or cloudy days I wear warmer clothing. In the summer the windows are shaded from decidious trees (no a/c) with 30″ roof overhangs. The house stays cool.” RELATED ARTICLES From humble beginningsJohn Brooks sees certain similarities between photos Hars posts of her house and the house that Holladay built in 1974, which he calls a passive solar “hippie house.” Holladay scavenged windows from the local dump, used old telephone poles for the foundation, and spent $9,000 on lumber, roofing and nails.Hars’ 6,800-s.f. house, built by her father for $51 a square foot, incorporates quality materials and design, and veering off into a comparison of the two seems to be missing the point, she says. “I am asking you to design and build me a house that fits my lifestyle,” she says. “I am your client. I like my windows open, I love the sun, I love fresh air. Now listen to what I want and design & build around my wants and needs.”Actually, says Brazelton, Hars’s question is getting answered, just not directly. All houses should be built to perform well, taking into account insulation, solar gain, siting and air quality, he writes. “If someone wants to open a window in the middle of winter, the house will still perform far better than an average mass-market one. If you want to use your heating or cooling system sparingly, even better! Your house uses less energy. Perhaps your preferences balance each other out?” Is cold air healthy for kids?No doubt our forbears often lived in cold, drafty houses, and Collignon seems to be suggesting that intentionally subjecting young children to those conditions could make them sick.Paul Brazelton wonders whether that assertion is backed up by anything more than the “common misconception” that low temperatures can induce colds. “I know the Dutch, Danes, and other Northern Europeans have their children nap outside year around, even as babies,” Brazelton writes. “I also know that the ‘normal’ temperature for a home (70°? 72°?) is a new concept, and that humans have lived and thrived for the vast majority of their time on this planet with wildly divergent temperature ranges.“That nitpick aside,” he says, “I’m glad this is being discussed. Even without the benefits Maria enjoys with her current house, everyone could learn to lessen their impact by adapting to the season.”Collignon actually offers his opinion based on the advice of two different pediatricians, who suggest keeping the temperature range between 70° and 74°F for the first six months of a child’s life.And the debate could be more than academic, Jefferson says, “because it now appears likely that even in the USA we will fairly soon be re-learning to live with less energy, and less strict climate control would naturally follow. Maria’s original post describes some common sense methods of staying comfortable year round without much brute force from mechanical systems.” You already have the right houseTo GBA senior editor Martin Holladay, Hars already has it figured out. “It doesn’t sound like you have any problems,” he writes. “Keep living in your house and be happy.”Mike Collignon agrees, but he also wonders whether mass-market home buyers are ready for the connection with nature that Hars seems to embrace. “No offense, Maria, but you have an uncommon home,” Collignon says. “The mass market needs to rely on building science to guide them when solar orientation isn’t ideal, or builders will only use 2x4s, or there aren’t trees to provide optimal shading, etc. Some people who have small children aren’t going to leave their windows open through a New England winter, unless they like visiting their pediatrician. We’re seeing an increasing need to incorporate allergy or health concerns into the indoor environmental design.”Collignon thinks the design might work for others, but adds that he’s willing to bet many others would want or need something different. “Most of our country’s people choose to keep their windows shut and thermostats set for maximum comfort year round,” Thomas Jefferson adds. “It is almost taboo to suggest people should do otherwise, so the focus instead must be thermal enclosures and mechanical systems that operate efficiently.“I like to point out basically what you have described, that anyone can choose to use minimal climate control in whatever house they occupy if they just embrace the natural climate of the area,” Jefferson says. “Of course that’s easier to say if you live in a mild climate, as I have for many years.center_img Green Basics: Integrated DesignGreen Basics: Comfort Comes With Green BuildingHer question: with all of the building science and advanced materials at our disposal, how should a house be designed and built for “real people” like her?That’s the subject of this week’s Q&A Spotlight. Our expert’s opinionHere’s how GBA technical director Peter Yost sees it:A couple of years ago I did a somewhat whimsical presentation for the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) on the future of housing, or where housing might be in 2030. I prophesized three things: one, we would be living in much smaller spaces (or maybe mainly occupy a “core” in more extreme climates during those extremes); two, we would be looking for ways to “condition” (make comfortable) people or occupants instead of spaces; and three, number two would allow us to greatly relax temperature regimes in homes, letting them drift with outdoor conditions a heck of a lot more.Another story: a colleague who has been in the awning industry for four generations told me how the introduction of central air conditioning killed the awning industry for many years. Cheap energy brought a mechanical solution to poor solar design, replacing a passive window attachment approach, like the awning.You still need building science in high performance, well-designed, largely passive homes, but “homeostatic homes” (if there is no such term, I just coined it) make the science a lot tougher, for sure.In short, I agree with Maria Hars: design homes right, relax your thermal comfort standards and/or increase your wardrobe flexibility, and your shade of green gets a lot deeper!last_img read more

12 Essential Filmmaking Tools Under $20

first_imgWhether you’re outputting for recording or simply monitoring, HDMI cables are great to have on set. Instead of using a 6ft cable for your camera rig try using a thin and extra short cable to prevent clutter.Price: $77. Cable BagInstead of having your cables loose on set, try using a cable bag. Cable bags have dividers that help keep cables organized and easy to find.Price: $178. ClapboardA clapboard is probably one of the most easily recognized tools on a film set. If you are recording audio and video separately having a clapboard will save you a lot of frustration in post.Price: $209. Split Power StripA power strip with split ends allows you to plug in multiple “boxy” AC plugs into the same power strip. No more filling up an entire strip with just 3 things plugged in.Price: $1510. Extension cordsExtension cords are a must have on any set. You will always need 1 more than what you currently have…Price: $711. Allen KeysAllen keys are great for tightening down tripod legs, rigs, or any other equipment that might need regular maintenance.Price: $12 for 212. Field NotebooksYou never know when you will need to take a quick note. You can use field notebooks to write down script notes, editing notes, or autographs for when your fans see you.Price: $10The following video created by Caleb Pike of DSLR Video Shooter shows us his list of essential filmmaking tools:This video was first shared on the DSLR Video Shooter YouTube Channel. Thanks for sharing, Caleb!As Caleb Pike recommends in the video, an Amazon Prime account will most assuredly save you a lot of money on shipping. I use this service very frequently to buy cheap filmmaking gear and it has paid for itself over and over again.Know of any other cheap filmmaking gear under $20? Share in the comments below. When going on-set, you can’t afford NOT to get these 12 cheap essential filmmaking tools!Filmmaking can be a really expensive craft. Between buying a nice camera, lenses, audio equipment, rigs, and accessories, you are looking at thousands of dollars in equipment. However, some of the most useful equipment you can have on can have on-set won’t break the bank.Caleb Pike at DSLR Video Shooter has shared 12 essential pieces of filmmaking equipment that you can pick up for less than $20.1. Travel BagsTravel bags really help in staying organized on set. Most have a spot where you can label them according to your needs. They come in a variety of sizes making them a must-have on set.Price: $18 for pack of 72. SandbagsAn improperly anchored light can be a real safety hazard on set. Even if it doesn’t hit anyone the light still is probably going to break. It’s a silly mistake that can fixed by simply placing a sandbag on the light stand.Price: $20 for 43. ClampsClamps have an innumerable number of uses on a set. From holding back cables to quick set-fixes, you need to have clamps close by.Price: $5 for 44. RopeBesides simply tying things off, rope allows you to organize things that are easily lost like gaff tape and clamps.Price: $85. Gaff TapeGaff tape is probably the most useful tool you can have on set. Gaff tape allows you to tape down cables, place actor marks, label stuff, and make giant dodge balls once production is done!Price: $16 for 30 yards6. HDMI Cableslast_img read more